Sea Erosion and sand Accumulation
Nintavur area stretching from Wettaru in the north to Kalioda aru in the south with a coastline of 7 km. It is enriched with a series of saline, brackish and freshwater wetlands and a continuous sandy beach. Rest of the entire area is covered with a green carpet of agricultural lands and buildup lands with blue ribbons of streams and water bodies. Accordingly, Seasonal erosion and sand bar accumulation found in many places which is natural where in a strong monsoonal climate the coast is rough and takes away sand and deposits them back in seasons.
Block of Drainage System and rapid formation of sand bar / sand dune at the Nochchiayad estuary. The Nochiyadi estuary is situated nearly 4 Km away from the Oluvil Harbour in the North. This Estuary is blocked with sand due to high tides when the sea is rough waves. This sand block is usually removed or cut opened by few farmers (2-5) frequently. For the last 08-10 years, it is very severe for both seasons (Maha &Yala). The drainage water of around 5000 acres and the excess water through Segnapadai River is blocked at the Nochchiyadi estuary.
Consequently, around 75% Acres from adjacent paddy lands are inundated at present. If these lands would be abandoned in the near future affecting the regional and the national rice production due to the salinity problem. Within last 10 years Nochchiyadi estuary (sea out fall) has removed the sand more than 25 times with the contribution of the poor farmers. The cost for hiring heavy machinery Rs. 10, 000.00 – 15,000.00 per an opening.
Soil erosion and loss of soil fertility
There are about 400 acres of paddy lands that are low lying. During the rainy seasons they are severely affected by the floods. As a result of that the fertile soil is taken away very often through the damaged bunds. Paady lands around Kurinchapity and Pulpitty areas have lost its fertility because of sea water entering the paddy lands through the damagedbunds.
Stagnation of Sea Water
When the sea is rough or during the period of high tides the sea water overflows and mixes with drained water and enters paddy fields easily. Because of the stagnation of sea water, the fertility of paddy lands is affected. The soil becomes loose so that the farmers face a lot of difficulties in plugging, harrowing and sowing. At present it is worse and as a result around 150 acres of high fertile lands have been affected.
Abandoned Paddy Lands
There are nearly 125 acres of high fertile paddy lands that have been abandoned because of broken bunds by the last Tsunami. Because of above Problems around 492 Mt paddy products would be lost per year. The harvest of 150 acres of coconut estates around this area amounting Rs. 13,500,000.00 would be lost when these areas are abandoned due to the above problems.
Wild Elephant Attack
Human-Elephant conflict the most crucial issue in Nintavur. The local area major portion the covered by the paddy field patches. Therefore, especially in harvesting season many numbers of elephant cross the paddy land for their foods and destroy the paddy land, injured the people also sometime. 2012-2016 – 20 properties damaged, and one person has injured. Due to this the local area farmer’s livelihood and income hugely affected. Therefore, the local framers decided to protect their paddy field and take a prevention measure. In that case to protect their paddy lands
No proper waste management system
Daily collection of solid waste of Nintavur Predehsiya Shaba is recorded as 5 Mt. Collected solid waste openly dumped at Pravatipity area which is located in the middle of the paddy fields. Because of this the immediate surrounding area is affected by mixing of leachate with irrigation water, bad odour and light weight waste spreading throughout the paddy fields.
Deficiencies in Infrastructure Facilities
Apart from certain sectors there are no significant deficiencies in basic infrastructure facilities in Nintavur. Some deficiencies can be identified in the areas like drainage system, solid waste management, local authority roads, open space and recreational facilities, public market. Accordingly, the above-mentioned deficiencies are discussed as follows.
Improper Drainage System
The existing drainage system has not been constructed considering the terrain and water flow. Further, for a long period it has been not properly maintained. As results it has been damaged and causes flood during the rainy season. Paddy Land Encroachment The Nintavur area’s main potential is paddy field and majority of the land covered by paddy field as mentioned above. The total area of Nintavur is around 36 Sq. Km and out of this 75% (2634 hectares) of the land use is covered by paddy fields. Therefore, the developable area is very limited (built up area 13%).
Due to the scarcity of developable land people tended to reclaim the paddy land gradually for development purposes. Land is a major problem in Nintavur Pradeshiya Saba. According to that the Nintavur has been lost 130 Hectares paddy land from 1981 to2011.