Threats

Sea Erosion sand accumulation (GN1- GN 9: 52m and GN 10: 128m from 2008- 2016) especially, in Nochchiyadi estuary the statistic shows that 20m annually in land errored by sea. And the sea sand accumulated and fill the paddy lands which are located close to seashore.

Also, there are some other direct impact occurring due to this sea erosion like Flood, Siltation, Salinization. The Nochchiyadi estuary is situated nearly 4 Km away from the Oluvil Harbour in the North. This Estuary is blocked with sand due to high tides when the sea is rough waves. This sand block is usually removed or cut opened by few farmers (2-5) frequently. For the last 08-10 years, it is very severe for both seasons (Maha&Yala). The drainage water of around 5000 acres and the excess water through Segnapadai River is blocked at the Nochchiyadi estuary.

When the sea is rough or during the period of high tides the sea water overflows and mixes with drained water and enters into paddy fields easily. Because of the stagnation of sea water, the fertility of paddy lands is affected. The soil becomes loose so that the farmers face a lot of difficulties in plugging, harrowing and sowing. At present it is worse and as a result around 150 acres of high fertile lands have been affected.

There are nearly 125 acres of high fertile paddy lands that have been abandoned because of broken bunds by the last Tsunami. Because of above Problems around 492 Mt paddy products would be lost per year. The harvest of 150 acres of coconut estates around this area amounting Rs. 13,500,000.00 would be lost when these areas are abandoned due to the above problems.

Apart from all aforesaid disasters there is wildlife elephant attack is another threat in Nintavur area. Especially in the cultivation and harvesting time wildlife elephants come and destroy the paddy fields and injured the people. Due to this uncertainty the local farmers facing many problems. Therefore, the local farmers decided to protect their paddy fields. To look after the paddy land, they spend 3m per annum by hiring the watchers and it will cost and reduce the profit.

Paddy land Encroachment:

The Nintavur area’s main potential is paddy field and majority of the land covered by paddy field as mentioned above. The total area of Nintavur is around 36 Sq. Km and out of this 75% (2634 14 hectares) of the land use is covered by paddy fields. Therefore, the developable area is very limited (built up area 13%). Due to the scarcity of developable land people tended to reclaim the paddy land gradually for development purposes. Land is a major problem in NintavurPradeshiya Saba. According to that the Nintavur has been lost 130 Hectares paddy land from 1981 to2011.

Damaged Drainage System:

Existing drainage systems has fully damaged and storm water not properly discharged. After the Tsunami some drainage network was disconnected and also the drainage system not technically constructed due to these reasons residential area gets flash flood. Due this local people daily activities disturbed, and people gets inconvenience which is one of the weakness of the local area to make disaster resilient.

Illegal Sand Mining:

Illegal sea sand mining is one of the main reasons to increase the impact of sea erosion in the coastal belt along the Nintavur. Second highest illegal sea sand mining occurring place is Nintavur in Ampara district according to the coastal conservation department. The local people getting sea sand for their building construction illegally especially in the Nochchiyaddi area.

Lowland filling in ad hoc manner:

Lowland filing especially paddy land is one of the serious issues in the locality. As the land use major portion covered by the paddy land people don’t have developable land. Therefore, local people have filling some land as an abandoned paddy land in ad hoc manner especially in the west wing of main road. It leads to flash flood in the surrounding area as paddy field act as water retention. Accordingly, the statistics Nintavur has been lost 130 Hectare paddy land from 1981 to 2011.

Oluvil harbor construction activities.

Sea erosion is one of the burning issues in the planning area which is lead to many impacts in the locality. There are some studies clearly emphasis that after the construction of Oluvil harbor specially constructing of break water into sea increase the consequence of sea erosion and sand accumulation in Nintavur.

Natural Disasters

There are few disasters disturbed and rapidly damaged the Nintavur area which are identified as Sea Erosion and sand accumulation especially in Nochchiyadi estuary due to this 20m land eroded annually. Also flood and wild elephant attacks are another disaster in local area.

Sea Erosion sand accumulation (GN1- GN 9: 52m and GN 10: 128m from 2008- 2016) especially, in Nochchiyadi estuary the statistic shows that 20m annually in land errored by sea. And the sea sand accumulated and fill the paddy lands which are located close to seashore.

Also there are some other direct impact occurring due to this sea erosion like Flood, Siltation, Salinization. The Nochiyadi estuary is situated nearly 4 Km away from the Oluvil Harbor in the North. This Estuary is blocked with sand due to high tides when the sea is rough waves. This sand block is usually removed or cut opened by few farmers (2-5) frequently. For the last 08-10 years, it is very severe for both seasons (Maha&Yala). The drainage water of around 5000 acres and the excess water through Segnapadai River is blocked at the Nochchiyadi estuary. When the sea is rough or during the period of high tides the sea water overflows and mixes with drained water and enters into paddy fields easily. Because of the stagnation of sea water, the fertility of paddy lands is affected. The soil becomes loose so that the farmers face a lot of difficulties in plugging, harrowing and sowing. At present it is worse and as a result around 150 acres of high fertile lands have been affected. There are nearly 125 acres of high fertile paddy lands that have been abandoned because of broken bunds by the last Tsunami. Because of above Problems around 492 Mt paddy products would be lost per year. The harvest of 150 acres of coconut estates around this area amounting Rs. 13,500,000.00 would be lost when these areas are abandoned due to the above problems. Apart from all aforesaid disasters there is wildlife elephant attack is another threat in Nintavur area. Especially in the cultivation and harvesting time wildlife elephants come and destroy the paddy fields and injured the people. Due to this uncertainty the local farmers facing many problems. Therefore, the local farmers decided to protect their paddy fields. To look after the paddy land, they spend 3m per annum by hiring the watchers and it will cost and reduce the profit.

High temperature and lack of shady trees

Especially in town centre there is no shady trees to get some relaxation where people come for their daily needs since Nintavur falls under dry zone area. According to the statistic average temperature has recorded as more than 30 degrees Celsius. It is one of the weakness in the planning area to make the town as a Comfortable Convenient and liveable town centre.

Flooding

Flooding is one of the threats in the planning area to make the township more comfortable and convenient especially in the rainy season. It creates inconvenient to commuters and local people and it will lead to destroy the quality of the town and residential area.